Certificate of location
Document generally required for real estate transactions or for obtaining a mortgage. A certificate of location is made up of a plan and a report in which the land surveyor issues an opinion on the current situation and status of a property with respect to titles, the cadastre, occupation, and the by-laws and regulations that may affect the property. Certificates of location can be very useful to investors, owners, courts and municipalities.
Staking is the set of surveying operations carried out by a land surveyor to visually mark their opinion on the boundaries of a given property using stakes. It is not to be confused with boundary action. Staking is unilateral and does not bind the owners of adjoining parcels of land. It can be performed to physically indicate the boundaries of a property with a view to putting up a fence, hedge, or low wall near the boundaries.
Boundary action is the set of surveying operations carried out by a land surveyor to permanently and irrevocably establish a dividing line between two parcels of land. To be valid, this marking requires the presence and cooperation of all parcel owners concerned by the dividing line, as well as the taking of boundary-marking minutes by the land surveyor, signed by the land surveyor and the parties concerned. Boundary action can be done “amicably” if the parties agree, or “legally” if the parties disagree and a judge must render a decision on the position of the line.
Condominiums are governed by co-ownership. Under this legal structure, ownership of the immovable property is divided between the co-owners. Each owner possesses a private part as well as a share of the common parts. The community of co-owners is considered a legal person, known as a syndicate of co-ownership, and the directors of the condominiums are the directors of the syndicate.
The construction of a commercial building, house, expansion, swimming pool or shed sometimes requires implantation work. With the use of materialized markers, the land surveyor performs a series of operations to position and physically represent the exact site of a future construction with respect to property boundaries or other lines of reference, in compliance with applicable laws and municipal by-laws.
Subdivisions and cadastral operations
A subdivision project involves collaborative work with the client in order to draw up plans for creating streets and lots. The goal is to present the city with a plan that respects municipal by-laws as well as various physical constraints related to the land (flooding zones, protective strips, topography, etc.). This is the step before the replacement plan, formerly called the subdivision plan.
A cadastral operation consists in determining the measurements and area of part of the land and assigning it a separate lot number. The new lot is detailed on a plan that is then transferred to the cadastre department of the Ministère de l’énergie et des ressources naturelles du Québec (MERN) to be approved and made official.
Surveying of waterfront property
Surveying a waterfront property entails certain particularities. For example, levels often need to be taken in order to establish the protective strip and the presence of flooding zones. In addition, to regularize previously filled parts of the property, a boundary agreement may need to be drawn up or a submerged shore lot may need to be created. The entire surveying project is carried out in compliance with the standards of the Direction de la gestion du domaine hydrique de l’État and of the Bureau de l’arpenteur général.
Surveying of agriculturally zoned property
The Act respecting the preservation of agricultural land and agricultural activities came into force on November 9, 1978. Surveyors’ expertise in this area is essential to guiding owners through the various procedures required by the CPTAQ, i.e., the declaration/recognition of acquired rights, as well as applications for authorizations.
Topographical plans are frequently used by architects, building contractors, and engineers. They help visualize the premises and the terrain profile from to spot elevations, contour lines, and digital terrain models generated by our measurements of the site under study. A topographical plan also includes certain physical features such as fences, hedges, ditches, public utilities, pavements, and more.